Biography

1893

Was born as Georg Ehrenfried July 26, 1893 in Berlin

1909-11

Attended the Royal Academy of Arts in Dresden

1912-17

Attended the "Kunstgewerbeschule" in Berlin as disciple of Emil Orlik

19114

Volunteered for military service to preempt the general conscription into the army

1915

Invalided out of military service after a surgical operation

1916

Name change into George Grosz; Publication of his drawings in the monthly journal "Neue Jugend"

1917

Re-conscription into the army; After hospital stay in a military hospital and sanatorium, he was finally considered unsuitable for service and discharged; the portfolios "Erste George Grosz-Mappe" and "Kleine Grosz Mappe" were published by the Berlin Malik-Verlag/Publisher

1919

Member of the German Communist Party

1920

First solo exhibition in the Munich-based gallery "Neue Kunst Hand Goltz"; joint organizer of the "First International Dada Fair" in Berlin

1921

Criminal prosecution for slandering the Reichswehr after the exhibition of his portfolio "Gott mit uns" at the Dada Fair in Berlin

1923

Resignation from the German Communist Party; Another charge followed because of an "offence against moral" in his series "Ecco Homo"

1924

Exhibtion at the Galerie Alfred Flechtheim, Berlin; First solo exhibition at the Galerie Billiet, Paris

1928

Grosz produces more than 300 drafts and watercolours to plan the staging of the theater play "Die Abenteur des braven Soldaten Schwejk" by Jaroslav Hašek (1883-1923) in Berlin; Third court case in 1929 because he Grosz was accused of blashemy in the series "Hintergrund"

1932

Guest professorship at the Art Students' League, New York

1933

Emigration to New York after Adolf Hitler came to power

1937

Guggenheim Fellowship

1938

US citizenship

1940

Awarded with the Carol H. Beck Medal by the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia

1941

Retrospective in the Museum of Modern Art, New York

1946

Publication of his autobiography "A Little Yes and a Big No" in New York

1954

Member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters; Retrospective at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York

1955

Publication of the German edition of his autobiography "Ein kleines Ja und ein großes Nein" by the Hamburg-based Rowohlt Verlag

1958

Extraordinary member of the "Berliner Akademie der Künste" by election

1959

Died on 6, 1959 July shortly after his removal to Berlin