1901, Le Havre1985, Paris

Biography

1901

Born on July 31st in Le Havre

1917

Attends first classes at the École des Beaux-Arts, Le Havre

1918

Moves to Paris after finishing his high school diploma and starts studying at the Académie Julien, but after 6 months he decides to continue his education independently

1921

For the first time he deals with literature and language; In Paris he makes the acquaintance of Raoul Dufy, Fernand Léger and Juan Gris.

1923

Performs his military service

1924

4-month stay in Buenos Aires

1944

First exhibition at the Galerie René Drouin, Paris (more to follow)

1945

Introduces the term “Art brut"

1948

First trip to the Sahara, in El Goléa (first of a total of three); First publication of own texts on art

1951 / 1955 / 1957

International exhibitions in the USA, London, and Germany

1959

Participation in documenta 2, and subsequently documenta 3 and 4

1960

Retrospective at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris; later donates large collection of works to the museum; Begins a series with ink

1962

Begins his Hourloupe series

1966

Begins to work with sculptures

1974

Founds the Dubuffet Foundation, which manages the estate of more than 2500 works

1984

Designs the French Pavilion at the Venice Biennale

1985

Dubuffet dies on May 12 in Paris