Carl Hofer began his career as a student of Hans Thomas in classical realistic painting, and made his way towards unembellished realistic representation. Influenced by Henri Rousseau on his study trip to Paris in 1900, he turned to simplified forms and clear strong contours - almost abstractions. Known as a figure painter, he practiced his personal mode of expression in portraits that varied time and again. From 1919 he further developed his more expressive style. But under the Nazi regime his art was considered degenerate, he was prosecuted with a ban on exhibitions and work. As abstraction in art emerged after the Second World War, Hofer continued to hold on to his figurative pictorial worlds. Until his death, he stood firmly opposed against abstract art.